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Free Content Imaging and Clinical Characteristics of Epstein-Barr Virus Myelitis in a Patient with a History of Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis in Remission

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) and Epstein-Barr virus myelitis may manifest with CNS symptoms. Given the similar clinical neurologic presentations of both conditions, differentiating Epstein-Barr virus myelitis from CNS HLH may prove difficult in a patient with a history of HLH. Herein we report a case of Epstein-Barr virus myelitis treated with intrathecal rituximab in a patient with a history of HLH in remission and highlight the role of radiographic imaging in the proper diagnosis.

Keywords: EBV = Epstein-Barr virus; HLH = hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis; IT = intrathecal; LLE = left lower extremity; RBC = red blood cell

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2024

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