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Free Content Acute Flaccid Myelitis: A Recently Emerged Paralytic Syndrome in Children with Characteristic MRI Findings

Acute flaccid myelitis is a neuroinflammatory disease of the spinal cord that predominantly affects children and that presents with sudden-onset flaccid paralysis and distinctive MR imaging findings. The condition has been strongly linked to respiratory infections by enterovirus D68. Currently, in the absence of a definitive laboratory test, MR imaging findings are considered confirmatory for this condition. Herein, we describe the clinical and imaging findings of acute flaccid myelitis by using illustrative cases from the most recent outbreak in 2018.

Keywords: AFM = acute flaccid myelitis; CDC = U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; EV = enterovirus

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2020

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